Moisture Susceptibility on Asphalt Mix and the Effect of Anti-Stripping Additives

Akash Kumar Naik, Sarmista Padhy


The damage due to moisture can be result in asphalt pavements either due to stripping or the softening of asphalt, both of which result in loss of ability to resist traffic- induced stresses which is mainly occur due to the loss or destruction of bond between the aggregate and the asphalt. This study is aimed to determine the effect of moisture on different graded bitumen mixture i:e open graded mixture and dense graded mixture and the effect of anti-stripping agent(lime) in hot mix asphalt(HMA). Moisture susceptibility of asphalt mixture can be determined by different tests indirect tensile strength test, Retained Marshall stability value and boiling water test with varying the percentage of lime content from 0% to 2.5%.The results indicates that the addition of hydrated lime increases the moisture resistance value to some extent and also provide larger strength as compare to the other mixes without addition of lime and more over the dense graded mix provide more effective value than open graded mixes.


Bhasin A., Little D.N., Vasconcesol K.L. & Masad E.(2001), “Surface free energy to identify moisture sensitivity of materials for asphalt mix”, Journal of transportation research board, pp- 37-45.

Bagampadde U., Isacsson U., Kiggundu B.M. (2004), “Classical and contemporary aspects of stripping in bituminous mixes”, Road Materials and Pavement Design, vol- 5(1), pp- 7-43.

Saad A. & Haider A. (2005),“Effect of aggregate properties on asphalt mixtures stripping and creep behaviour”. Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 21 pp- 1886–1898.

Airey G.D.,Collop A.C.,Zoorob S.E. & Elliott R.C.(2007) “The influence of aggregate, filler and bitumen on asphalt mixture moisture damage”, Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 22, No. 2, pp- 2015-2024.

Chen X. & Huang B. (2007),”evaluation of moisture damage in hot mix ashphalt using simple performance and superpave indirect tensile test”, Construction and Building Materials. Vol. 22, pp- 1950-1962.

Caro S., Masad E., Bhasin A. & Little D.N.(2008) “Moisture susceptibility of asphalt mixtures, Part 1: mechanisms” International Journal of Pavement Engineering, Vol. 9, No. 2, pp- 81–98.

Kim Y.R., Lutif J.S., Bhasin A. & Little D.N.(2008), “Evaluation of moisture damage mechanisms and effect of hydrated lime in asphalt mixture through measurements of mixture component properties and performance testing”, Journal of material in civil engineering, ASCE journal, vol. – 20(10), pp- 659-667.

Jahromi S.(2008),” Estimation of resistance to moisture destruction in asphalt mixtures”. Construction and Building Materials.

Kim Y.R. , Ban H., Ingryd M.S.(2009), “Moisture susceptibility of hot mix asphalt mixture in Nerbraska” Final Reports & Technical Briefs from Mid-America Transportation Center. Paper 28

Gorkem C. & Sengoz B. (2009),” Predicting stripping and moisture induced damage of asphalt concrete prepared with polymer modified bitumen and hydrated lime”, Construction and Building Materials, vol-23, pp- 2227–2236.

Cho D.Y. & Kim K.(2010), “The mechanism of moisture damage in asphalt pavement by appling chemistry aspects”, KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering, vol- 14(3), pp- 333-342.

Ahmad J., Abdul Rahman M.Y., Hainin M.R.(2011), “Rutting evaluation of dense graded hot mix asphalt mixture”, International Journal of Engineering & Technology IJET-IJENS, vol- 11(5), pp- 56-60.

Mehrara A. & Khodaii A.(2011), “Evaluation of asphalt mixtures’ moisture sensitivity by dynamic creep test”, Journal of material in civil engineering, ASCE journal, vol. – 23(2), pp- 212-219.

Yilmaz A., sargin S.(2012),” water effect on deteriorations of asphalt pavements”, The Online Journal of Science and Technology , Vol. 2,No.1.

Ahmed Ebrahim Abu El-Maaty Behiry.(2012),” Laboratory evaluation of resistance to moisture damage in asphalt mixtures”, Ain Shams Engineering Journal, vol-4, pp- 351-363.

Saedi H. (2012) “Assesment of compaction temperatures on hot mix asphalt(HMA) properties” International Journal of Civil, Environmental, Structural, Construction and Architectural Engineering Vol:6, No:2, pp- 102-106.

Yang L. (2012), “Predict the Service Life of Pavement: Evaluate Moisture Sensitivity and Oxidative Aging of Asphalt” Civil & Environmental Engineering, Vol. 2, issue 2.

Nejad F.M., Azarhoosh A.R., Hamedi GH. H., Azarhoosh M.J.(2012),” Influence of using nonmaterial to reduce the moisture susceptibility of hot mix asphalt”, Construction and Building Materials, vol-31,pp-384–388.

Habeeb H.,Chandra S., & Nashaat Y.(2013),”Estimation of Moisture Damage and Permanent Deformation in Asphalt Mixture from Aggregate Gradation“. KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering. Vol. 18(6) pp- 1655-1663.

Lesueur D., Petit J., Ritter H.J.(2013), “The mechanisms of hydrated lime modification of asphalt mixture: a state of the art review”, Road Materials and Pavement Design, vol.- 14(1), pp- 1-16.

Albayati A.H.K. & Alani A.M.M.(2013), “Comparison study between lime application methods on HMA asphalt concrete in IRAQ ”, The International Journal of Pavement Engineering and Asphalt Technology (PEAT) , Vol- 14, Issue: 2, pp.36-52.

Amana M.Y., Shahadanb Z., Noha M.Z.(2014), ” A Comparative Study of Anti-Stripping Additives in Porous Asphalt Mixtures”, Jurnal Teknologi (Sciences & Engineering),vol-70, no-7,pp- 139–145.

Mohan H.M. & Obaid H.A. (2014), “Laboratory examination for the effect of adding hydrated lime on the moisture damage resistance of asphalt concrete mixture”, Kufa journal of engineering, vol. 5, issue-2.

Arabani M. & Hamedi G.H.(2014), “Using the surface free energy method to evaluate the effect of liquid antistrip additives on moisture sensitivity of hot mix asphalt ”, International Journal of Pavement Engineering, vol. 15(1), pp- 66-78 .

Nazirizad M., Kavussi A., Abdi A.(2015),” Evaluation of the effects of anti-stripping agents on the performance of asphalt mixtures”, Construction and Building Materials, vol- 84, pp- 348–353.

Al-Tameemi A.F.,Wang Y. , Albayati A.(2015),” influence of hydrated lime on the properties and permanent deformation of the asphalt concrete layers in pavement”, Romanian Journal of Transport Infrastructure, Vol.4, 2015.

Hamzaha M.O., Kakara M.R. & Haininb M.R.(2015), “An Overview of Moisture Damage in Asphalt Mixtures ”, Jurnal Teknologi (Sciences & Engineering),vol.73, No. 4, pp-125–131.

Lee S.H., Park D.W., Vo H.V. & Dessouky S.(2015), “Asphalt mixture for the first asphalt concrete directly fastened track in korea”, Hindawi Publishing Corporation, Advances in Materials Science and Engineering.

Farooqi M.U., Ahmad N., Kamal M.A., Hussain J., Hafeez I., Riaz K.(2015), “Analysis of moisture susceptibility of different loose coated asphalt mixtures”, Technical Journal, University of Engineering and Technology (UET) Taxila, Pakistan, vol.- 20(1).

Ibrahim I. & Mehan H.N.(2015), “The effect of nano-materials on hot mixture asphalt concrete ”, Open Journal of Civil Engineering, vol- 5, pp- 419-427.

Al-Humeidawi B.H., Aodah H.H., Hameed K.K., Merawi H.A., Al-ogaili S.S.(2016), “evaluation of moisture damage and stripping of asphalt concrete prepared with new additives of polymer modified bitumen”, Journal of Babylon university / Engineering sciences, vol. 24(1), pp- 117-128.

Full Text: PDF [Full Text]


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright © 2013, All rights reserved.|

Creative Commons License
International Journal of Science Engineering and Advance Technology is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.Based on a work at IJSEat , Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available at