A Three Phase Four Wire Network Based Interleaved High-Frequency Inverter with Single-Reference Eight-Pulse-Modulation Technique for Fuel Cell Vehicle Applications

Mahboob Peera Shaik, M.Bala Subbareddy


This paper presents a three phase four leg inverter with neutral connected to load. The inverter hybrid modulation technique consisting of singe-reference eight-pulse-modulation (SREPM) for front-end dc/dc converter and 33% modulation for three-phase inverter. In proposed SREPM to control front-end dc/dc converter, high frequency (HF) pulsating dc voltage waveform is produced, which is equivalent to six-pulse output at 6× line frequency (rectified 6-pulse output of balanced three-phase ac waveforms) and the two more pulses to neutral connection leg. It reduces the control complexity owing to single-reference three-phase modulation as compared to conventional three-reference three-phase SPWM And also the harmonic content in currents. In addition, it relives the need of dc-link capacitor reducing the cost and volume.. It needs only33% (one third) modulation of the inverter devices to generate balanced three-phase voltage waveforms resulting in significant saving in (at least 66%) switching losses of inverter semiconductor devices. At any instant of line cycle, only two switches are required to switch at HF and remaining switches retain their unique state of either ON or OFF. Drop in switching loss accounts to be around 86.6% in comparison with a standard voltage source inverter (VSI) employing standard three-phase sine pulse width modulation. This paper explains operation and analysis of the HF two-stage inverter modulated by the proposed novel modulation scheme. Analysis has been verified by simulation results.


A. Emadi and S. S. Williamson, “Fuel cell vehicles: Opportunities and challenges,” in Proc. IEEE Power Energy Society General Meeting, 2004, pp. 1640–1645.

S. Aso, M. Kizaki, and Y. Nonobe, “Development of hybrid fuel cell vehicles in Toyota,” in Proc. IEEE Power Convers. Conf., 2007, pp. 1606– 1611.

B. Bilgin, A. Emadi, and M. Krishnamurthy, “Design considerations for a universal input battery charger circuit for PHEV applications,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Symp. Ind. Electro., 2010, pp. 3407–3412.

K. Rajashekhara, “Power conversion and control strategies for fuel cell vehicles,” in Proc. IEEE Ann. Conf. IEEE Ind. Electron. Society, 2003, pp. 2865–2870.

A. Emadi, S. S.Williamson, and A. Khaligh, “Power electronics intensive solutions for advanced electric, hybrid electric, and fuel cell vehicular power systems,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 567– 577, May 2006.

A. Emadi, K. Rajashekara, S. S. Williamson, and S. M. Lukic, “Topological overview of hybrid electric and fuel cell vehicular power system architectures and configurations,” IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol., vol. 54, no. 3, pp. 763–770, May 2005.

A. Khaligh and Z. Li, “Battery, ultracapacitor, fuel cell, and hybrid energy storage systems for electric, hybrid electric, fuel cell, and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles: State of the art,” IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol., vol. 59, no. 6, pp. 2806–2814, Jul. 2010.

S. S.Williamson and A. Emadi, “Comparative assessment of hybrid electric and fuel cell vehicles based on comprehensive well-to-wheels efficiency analysis,” IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol., vol. 54, no. 3, pp. 856–862, May 2005.5556

J. M. Miller, “Power electronics in hybrid electric vehicle applications,” in Proc. 18th IEEE Appl. Power Electron. Conf., Miami Beach, FL, USA, Feb. 2003, vol. 1, pp. 23–29.

J.-S. Kim, J.-M. Ko, B.-K. Lee, H.-B. Lee, T.-W. Lee, and J.-S. Shim, “Optimal battery design of FCEV using a fuel cell dynamics model,” in Proc. Telecommun. Energy Conf., 2009, pp. 1–4.

E. Schaltz, A. Khaligh, and P. O. Rasmussen, “Influence of battery/ ultracapacitor energy-storage sizing on battery lifetime in a fuel cell hybrid electric vehicle,” IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol., vol. 58, no. 8, pp. 3882–3891, Oct. 2009.

G-J Su, D. J. Adams, F. Z. Peng, and H. Li, “Experimental evaluation of a soft-switching DC/DC converter for fuel cell vehicle applications,” in Proc. IEEE Power Electron. Transp., 2002, pp. 39–44.

P. J.Wolfs, “A current-sourced dc-dc converter derived via duality principle form half bridge inverter,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 139–144, Feb. 1993.

A. Averberg, K. R. Meyer, and A. Mertens, “Current-fed full-bridge converter for fuel cell systems,” in Proc. IEEE Power Energy Society General Meeting, 2008, pp. 866–872.

S. J. Jang, C. Y. Won, B. K. Lee, and J. Hur, “Fuel cell generation system with a new active clamping current-fed half-bridge converter,” IEEE Trans. Energy Convers., vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 332–340, Jun. 2007.

A. K. Rathore, A. K. S. Bhat, and R. Oruganti, “Analysis, design, and experimental results of wide range ZVS active-clamped L-L type currentfed dc/dc converter for fuel cells to utility interface,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 59, no. 1, pp. 473–485, 2012.

S. J. Jang, C. Y. Won, B. K. Lee, and J. Hur, “Fuel cell generation system with a new active clamping current-fed half-bridge converter,” IEEE Trans. Energy Converse., vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 332–340, Jun. 2007.

L. E. Lesser, “Fuel cell power electronics – managing a variable-voltage dc source in a fixed-voltage ac world,” Fuel Cells Bulletin, vol. 3, no. 25, pp. 5–9, 2000.

S. K. Mazumder and A. K. Rathore, “Performance evaluation of a new hybrid-modulation scheme for high-frequency-ac-link inverter: Application for PV, wind, fuel-cell and DER/storage applications,” in Proc. IEEE Energy Convers. Congr. Expo., 2010, pp. 2529–2534.

Full Text: PDF [Full Text]


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright © 2013, All rights reserved.| ijseat.com

Creative Commons License
International Journal of Science Engineering and Advance Technology is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.Based on a work at IJSEat , Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available at http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/deed.en_GB.